Glossary of Terms

Instructional DesignA systematic process used to create instruction to help learners obtain knowledge, skills, and attitudes.
Subject Matter Expert (SME)Individuals who possess a high level of knowledge or experience in a particular area.
Learner PersonaA fictional representation of a specific learner group, based on demographic data, psychographic data, and goals and objectives for the course.
Cohort Based LearningA form of instruction in which a group of learners progresses through a course together.
E-learningLearning using electronic technologies.
ADDIE ModelA framework for instructional design consisting of five phases: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation.
SAM (in ID)SAM (Successive Approximation Model), created by Allen Interactions, is an alternative to ADDIE for e-learning solutions. Savvy Start kickoff focus group and 3 design/3 dev iterations reduce risk of death spirals. Philosophy maps to driving performance.
Agile (in ID)"Agile" challenges roles, ownership, and multitasking. It focuses on small chunks finished by teams in a fixed time (sprints). Not prototyping; complete, useable components.
Needs AnalysisThe process of analyzing the needs of learners and other stakeholders in order to determine the objectives of instruction.
Curriculum DevelopmentThe process of designing a curriculum that meets the needs of learners and stakeholders.
NanolearningA form of microlearning that focuses on a single concept or task that can be completed in a few minutes.
Asynchronous LearningA form of instruction in which learners access course content independently and at their own pace.
Formative AssessmentFormative assessment is ongoing assessment used to guide instruction and to modify the learning environment in order to promote student learning. It is used to provide feedback to students and instructors on the effectiveness of instruction and learning.
Summative AssessmentSummative assessment is an evaluation of learning at the end of a unit or course and is used to measure student achievement and inform decision making.
Learning OutcomesStatements that describe what a learner should know and be able to do after a learning experience.
Learning GoalsBroad statements that describe what a learner should achieve or be able to do at the end of a course or program.
Learning ObjectivesSpecific statements that describe what a learner should know and be able to do at the end of a course or program.
Bloom's TaxonomyA hierarchical classification system that organizes learning objectives into six categories (knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation).
David Seán

David Seán

David Seán, EdTech-enabled entrepreneur helping clients create, market and sell their knowledge, and sharing lessons learned along the way.